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Episode Thirteen–Relocations, Carbon Sinks, and Friendly Collectives

In episode 13 of Climate Stew join Peterson on his train journey across North America. He speaks with Chino Young of the Quinault Indian Nation in Coastal Washington state. Chino tells us about his village, some ancient ways, and the relocations of animals and people. We share good news about a discovery scientists in Canada have found that could help absorb carbon pollution while increasing crop yields. We finish the show with a moving installment of That Day in Climate History and learn about the Friendly Collectives that spring up all over the world starting in the year 2022.   Listen here or on  iTunes, and Stitcher. You can also now listen on SoundCloud. Please rate and review–it makes a difference and it makes us feel so good.



Music Credits

Photo Aug 09, 8 56 30 PM

Climate Stew Host, Peterson Toscano



Intro: Hello and welcome back or welcome for the very first time. I am Peterson Toscano with some fresh hot Climate Stew for you. Our recipe is simple: One news item—just one. Add to that a main section—today it is an interview I conducted on an Amtrak train trip with Chino Young, a man from the Quinault people in Washington state. And the last ingredient—That Day in Climate History—a report from the year 2164 looking at the many ways the Climate Generation (that would be you and me) addressed global warming. Three ingredients with a liberal sprinkling of sass, garnished with excellent music. Welcome to Climate Stew

Direct from the Climate Stew news center comes this special report. Lurking deep in the soil, mostly unobserved, lies a potential that scientists only ever dreamed of. On the fertile plains of Saskatchewan province in Canada, a team of researchers have dug deep into the soil under wheat fields to unearth a remarkable discovery. Human remains? Wreckage from an alien spacecraft? Or is it the kitchen sink? Yeah, its the sink one. They found a sink.

Ok but its not just any old sink, they discovered the potential for a massive carbon sink. Carbon Dioxide acts like tiny take-away containers trapping the energy of the sun so that the heat it produces so that it gets stuck in our atmosphere. These hot and spicy containers of sun have been stockpiling like tupperware, Chinese take-out, and leftover pizza and need to be dumped somewhere before it gets out of hand.


Up to one third of carbon dioxide pollution comes from agriculture—just think of all the transportation, fertilizers, and heavy equipment needed to grow crops. According to a paper in the Nature Communications journal, Yantai Gan and a team from the Semiarid Prairie Agricultural Research Centre, discovered that just by leaving stems and roots of wheat plants in the ground, it helps to absorb more carbon than was polluted in growing, processing, and transporting the crops. “Researchers farmed dozens of test plots using four different cropping systems”. They found that all four methods produce a negative carbon footprint (and in this case negative is a good thing) Oh, and turns out the wheat even grew better.

Just like cooking up a good stew requires time on the stove to simmer, leaving these wheat roots and stems in the ground after harvest as long as possible, makes a big difference. Researcher added some lentil crops on top and bam! the soil absorbed even more carbon.


While this is only one study looking at the topic, researchers are hopeful that one day soon the vast wheat fields of Canada, China, and Russia will be transformed to some the most productive carbon disposal systems in the world. It’s time to cleanup the leftovers.

Main Section

Interview with Chino Young


Chino Young

Chino Young

Last month on a train from Salem, OR to Sacramento, CA I had dinner with Chino Young and learned about the Quinault people of Washington State. He also told me that his village on the coast needs to be relocated because of sea-level rise. In our interview he talks about life in the village, the many changes he is seeing in the wildlife, and big differences he has witnessed firsthand in fighting wild fires since the 1980s. You will hear the creaks, rumbles, and whistle from the train as Chino shares some of his story.

Lounge car riding through Montana.

Lounge car riding through Montana.


That Day in Climate History

I am Timothy Meadows. It is Saturday, December 15th, 2164 and time for That Day in Climate History. Throughout the Great Transition from dirty to clean energy, countless local community groups emerged to help cope with high energy costs and increasingly powerful extreme weather events in all parts of the world. As federal and regional governmentsed struggle to keep up with disaster relief and with retrofitting dwellings to run cleaner and to absorb the relentless weather shocks, the Friendly Collective Movement emerged starting in about 2022. Inspired by stories of similar collectives in 1942 in the city of Leningrad during the infamous and devastating 900 Day Siege, the Friendly Collectives during the Great Transition provided support, refuge, skill-building, and encouragement as civilization responded and adapted to the many changes earthlings faced.



siege of leningrad: Women sit amid rubble following a 1942 bombardment by German forces. Getty Images

Each Friendly Collective had as many as 50 and as little as five members, usually living within walking distance from each other. These neighborhood collectives met regularly for monthly trainings on conservation of energy, water reclamation, urban farming, pest control, and residential eco retrofitting strategies. University students often served as teachers in these collectives, helping older generations to learn the many new skills needed for a changing planet. Older citizens brought into the collective knowledge from their parents about food preservation, including canning and drying. During the harshest weather, a collective often moved in together to share resources and look after each other. Fortunately most of the Friendly Collectives journaled about their experiences revealing to us today how deeply interconnected, thoughtful, and caring these micro-communities were. We share a brief recording from the year 2026 of Quin Bordner, a founding member of the Arch Street Friendly Collective in Sunbury, Pennsylvania, USA

“It’s been terrible—the storms, the flooding—but, in some ways, I’ve never been happier in my life. Our little group is a family of sorts. We always check in with each other and learn from each other. It’s been hard, but we’re not alone.”

On this day in 2164, we remember that day in climate history

Advert: Climate History is brought to by the Great Transition Audio Museum, visit our sound galleries to hear hundreds of thousands of firsthand accounts of how our ancestors faced global warming and came together to create a more just, more stable, safer world for all.


This is Peterson Toscano thanking you for for listening to Episode 13 of the Climate Stew Show. If this program inspires and delights you, please share it with your friends. You can find Climate Stew on iTunes, Stitcher Radio, SoundCloud, and at Climate Stew dot Com. You will also find transcripts, music credits, and links to today’s program. Special thanks to Chino Young, Quin Bordner, oh and Joe G, who under all the crusty on-line bluster, is a big old teddy bear who, like you, deeply cares for humanity.

Peterson Toscano

Author: Peterson Toscano

Peterson Toscano is a quirky queer Quaker concerned about Climate Change. His website is

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